McMartin Merino Bonsal-2018-Limitations of water resources infrastructure for reducing community vulnerabilities for extremes and uncertainty of flood and drought

Debate and deliberation surrounding climate change has shifted from mitigation toward adaptation, with much of the
adaptation focus centered on adaptive practices, and infrastructure development. However, there is little research assessing
expected impacts, potential benefits, and design challenges that exist for reducing vulnerability to expected climate impacts.
The uncertainty of design requirements and associated government policies, and social structures that reflect observed and
projected changes in the intensity, duration, and frequency of water-related climate events leaves communities vulnerable to
the negative impacts of potential flood and drought. The results of international research into how agricultural infrastructure
features in current and planned adaptive capacity of rural communities in Argentina, Canada, and Colombia indicate that
extreme hydroclimatic events, as well as climate variability and unpredictability are important for understanding and
responding to community vulnerability. The research outcomes clearly identify the need to deliberately plan, coordinate, and
implement infrastructures that support community resiliency.